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Monday, October 2, 2017

Simple shell script to check if a Host is UP

If you work on multiple servers and want to check what hosts are up/down then you can use the below shell script to  test multiple servers  connectivity ::
#!/bin/bash
# test1.txt should contain a list of IP's to be tested
for i in `cat test1.txt`;
 do
ping -c 1 -W 1 $i &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
#use if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then to test the up IP's
echo "$i is down"
fi
 done

Roundcube : failed to open log file /var/log/httpd/suexec_log

While working on a issue for one of the client, I found that the Webmail link was giving 500 internal server error for Roundcube and checking the apache error logs I was getting the below errors.

failed to open log file /var/log/httpd/suexec_log
fopen: Permission denied
[Mon Aug 18 16:50:08 2014] [warn] [client x.x.x.x] (104)Connection reset by peer: mod_fcgid: error reading data from FastCGI server
[Mon Aug 18 16:50:08 2014] [error] [client x.x.x.x] Premature end of script headers: index.php
 Further checking , I’ve found that the below file was missing :

/var/www/cgi-bin/cgi_wrapper/cgi_wrapper

So, I’ve copied that file from one of my other server and restarted apache service and this fixed the issue with  500 internal error for roundcube.
Note :: The cgi_wrapper file should have 755 permission with ownership of root

Setup Putty Window Title Permanently

I was working on a migration of servers and for that I was manually setting up the Window Title for each server in  putty but the changes last only till I press Enter on  keyboard.
It’s often gets difficult to memorize the putty session, if  a proper title is not set and hence I was looking for a solution  to setup a permanent windows title for a server in putty and found that the same can be achieved by modifying/updating the below two settings in Putty:
  • In Window -> Behavior  set your desired Window Title
  • In Terminal -> Features check Disable remote-controlled window title changing

Backup Single Table from a database using MySQLdump

We normally backup entire database using mysqldump utility but what if only one table gets corrupt and you  only want to  restore  that table from backup.
In that case you can  use the below simple steps to backup and restore a single mysql table using   mysqldump utility.

Backup:

mysqldump -u -p databasename tablename > tablename.sql
 example :

mysqldump  psa BackupsScheduled > BackupsScheduled.sql -u admin -p`cat /etc/psa/.psa.shadow`


 Restoration :

mysql -u -p   databasename  <  tablename.sql
 for example :

mysql  psa < BackupsScheduled.sql -u admin -p`cat /etc/psa/.psa.shadow`

List all cPanel users having Wildcard Remote Mysql Access

Remote MySQL option in cPanel allows other webservers to access the MySQL database on your server remotely.
Remote MySQL option can be very handy, if  you want  to allow applications like shopping carts or guestbooks on your other servers to access the databases.
But on the contrary, if the Remote MySQL option is not handled with  care  then  it can lead to database hacks.
So, If you want to find out all cPanel users having Wildcard Access enabled then  you can  use the below simple command :

root@server[#]mysql -N  mysql -e "Select User from user where Host='%'" | awk  -F _ '{print $1}' | uniq

Saturday, September 16, 2017

Encrypting MySQLDump

If  you are looking to Encrypt your MySQL database dump for security reasons than you can  use the ccrypt tool  to encrypt your dump.sql file.

Follow the below simple steps to  achieve the database dump encryption and decryption :

  1. Create a  encryption key file as /root/.backup_keyfile and add the password/key in  that file.
  2. This keyfile  will be used to  encrypt and decrypt the data [dump.sql file]
Now, that we have created the encryption  file we just need to  execute the below commands:

mysqldump --opt  opsview |  ccrypt  -k /root/.encryptkeyfile > opsview.sql

Can’t locate DateTime perl module

If you are getting below error while installing any application on linux then perl date time module is missing.

    Can’t locate DateTime.
    pm in @INC (@INC contains: /usr/local/lib/perl5 /usr/local/share/perl5 /usr/lib/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/share/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/lib/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 .) at gatherbot_en.pl line 13.
    BEGIN failed–compilation aborted at gatherbot_en.pl line 13.

You can use below command to install Datetime on server.

    yum install perl-DateTime-TimeZone